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Resource Remapping Command

NOTE: this command is only available in version 3.1 and newer of Betaflight.

The IO remapping allows you to configure the pins on the MCU to be utilised for various functions. This is the starting framework - more work can be done.

Pins are remapped using the resources command line interface command.

resource [function name] [index] [pin] (e.g. resource MOTOR 1 A1)

Where MOTOR is the function, 1 is the motor index (1 based e.g. 1-4 on a quad) and A1 is Port A pin 1 or more commonly referred to as PA1 in STM datasheet documentation.

To remove a mapping, use NONE in place of PIN, e.g. resource MOTOR 5 NONE

Where a function does not require an index (i.e. there is only 1 possible pin assignment), e.g. BEEPER, SONAR_ECHO or SONAR_TRIGGER then the index must be omitted (e.g. resource BEEPER B6)

resource on its own will list all the available configurable options, and their current setting. This is the output to be added to the dump for use in backing up and restoring configuration. Note that this command will list all configured that would be allocated if used.

As an example resource will show motors 1-8, but if your mixer is set to QuadX then only motors 1-4 will actually be used, if you change to Oct as the mixer (and reboot) then all 8 motors will be configured.

resource list (or resource show in more recent versions of Betaflight) will list all pins and their current assignments, including all those in use by system components and not configurable by the user. It will also list the currently active DMA utilisation. Note for any adjustments made a save and reboot is required in order for those changes to be visible here. Consider this command the output of the currently active state.

Note that the save command must be used after changing pin mapping via the CLI.

<img src="" width="70%"><br>
Figure: How different resource command variation works

Available functions, values and constraints

ADC_BATT-Battery voltage sensorCan only be mapped to other ADC pin
ADC_CURR-Battery current sensorCan only be mapped to other ADC pin
ADC_RSSI-Analog RSSI input from receiverCan only be mapped to other ADC pin
BEEPER-Signal buzzerUsually hard-wired to the base of a transistor to switch the buzzer.
CAMERA_CONTROL-FPV camera OSD controlEmulates joystick key presses. Needs hard-wired resistor and/or capacitor.
Therefore existing CAMERACONTROL pin _may only be usable for certain low frequency applications, like SmartAudio.
LED1-3Indicator LEDsDon't confuse with LED_STRIP!
LED_STRIP-WS2812 LED dataUsually very good choice for alternative usage, if no WS2812-LEDs are connected/used
MOTOR1-nMotor signalMapping between other motor pins) (swapping) should always work fine. Other pins may not work (DMA conflict with DShot).
PPM-Receiver PPM inputUsually good choice for alternative usage
PWM1-nReceiver PWM input?
SERIAL_RX1-nSerial receive pinCan not be remapped to any other pins, but can be used for different functions (including software serial ports).
SERIAL_TX1-nSerial send pinSERIAL_RX/SERIAL_TX 11-12 are software serial ports #1 and #2
SERVO1-nServo signal?

Wiki pages with examples of using the Resource Commands:

Remapping Motor outputs Using Servos & SERVO_TILT Setup on a Fixed Wing Aircraft